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Risk of Cancer & Early Death Reduced by Mediterranean Diet

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Risk of Cancer and Early Death Reduced by Mediterranean Diet
Risk of Cancer and Early Death Reduced by Mediterranean Diet
  • According to recent studies, those who live a “Mediterranean lifestyle” had a 29% reduced chance of dying from any cause and a 28% lower risk of dying from cancer than people who do not.
  • The Mediterranean diet, eating habits, and rest are only a few aspects of this way of life.
  • According to the study, the health advantages apply to regions other than the Mediterranean.

The numerous health advantages of the Mediterranean lifestyle, which includes aspects like diet, eating habits, rest, and physical activity, have long been emphasized.Trusted Source is both heart-healthy and cancer-preventive. Can those advantages be obtained outside of the Mediterranean region’s particular terrain, though?

Yes, new study indicates.

Researchers discovered that following the Mediterranean lifestyle by middle-aged people living in the United Kingdom decreased all-cause and cancer-related mortality by 29% and 28%, respectively, in a study published this week in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

According to Dr. Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, PhD, lead study author and nutrition epidemiologist at the Autonomous University of Madrid in Spain and adjunct professor at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, the Mediterranean lifestyle can play a combined and stronger role in the risk of mortality, cancer, and cardiovascular disease, not only in Mediterranean countries but in non-Mediterranean countries.

What is Mediterranean Lifestyle?

Sotos-Prieto and her colleagues examined the lifestyle and eating patterns of 110,799 people between the ages of 40 and 75 who had a nine-year follow-up period using data from a cohort of participants from the UK Biobank, a population-based study spanning England.

Researchers were able to determine point-based scores for cohort participants that represented their commitment to the Mediterranean lifestyle using the MEDLIFE system. Mediterranean diet, eating habits, and physical and social habits were the three main divisions of MEDLIFE variables.

High intakes of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, healthy fats (such olive oil), and lean protein—most commonly fish—are characteristics of the Mediterranean diet. Limiting salt and sugar intake, avoiding processed meals, and drinking red wine in moderation are all part of the region’s eating habits. Social elements and “conviviality,” as the study refers to it, include interacting with friends, particularly at meals, playing group sports, engaging in little sedentary activity, and sleeping.

Researchers were able to gauge how closely the UK Biobank cohort’s participants followed the main tenets of the Mediterranean lifestyle using self-reported ratings of diet and exercise.

According to the study’s findings, those who adhered to the Mediterranean way of life to the greatest extent had greater preventive advantages than those who did not. The mortality rates from all causes and cancer had decreased by 29% and 28%, respectively, in those with the highest levels of adherence. In fact, researchers found that every two points higher a person’s MEDLIFE score, the chance of both all-cause and cancer-related mortality was reduced by 9%.

Kirkpatrick gives the following straightforward advice if you’re interested in incorporating elements of the Mediterranean into your life and kitchen:

  1. Look for ways to increase your nutrient density, such as choosing mixed nuts or vegetables with hummus instead of chips.
  2. Take in five hues each day.By doing this, you’ll be eating more plants and experimenting with different foods, which will provide you access to a variety of nutrients.
  3. Incorporate additional whole grains and fiber into your diet.
  4. Limit your intake of refined carbs, sweets, and processed meat.


One of the healthiest diets in the world, according to research, is the Mediterranean diet. According to recent studies, it is linked to significantly lower mortality from all causes and cancer-related causes.

Even if you don’t really reside in the region, you may modify your food and exercise to be more in line with the Mediterranean lifestyle, and you’ll probably benefit in terms of health.


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